Between Low Road and High Road of Conflict Reporting: Exploring Peace Journalism Potentials for Conflict Transformation in Nigeria
This research examines the relationship between news media, conflicts and terrorism to explore novel methods of reporting conflict and terrorism that could promote peace, national security and counter terrorism. It draws on news value literature and principles of peace journalism to analyse data from focus group discussions with journalists and evaluate perceptions of journalists on current methods of reporting conflict so as to identify peace journalism ideals and other novel methods for reporting conflict and terrorism that can become avenues for transforming conflicts and promoting peace. It also attempts to provoke as well as suggest kinds of training required by journalists to report conflict and terrorism in ways that will promote peace, national security, and counter terrorism. Findings suggest that current methods for reporting conflict and terrorism have a tendency to escalate conflicts because most journalists are enmeshed in influences of ethnicity, religion, party politics and ownership, as well as corruption. These influences often result in extreme professional irresponsibility and excessive jaundiced reporting of conflicts and terrorism. We conclude that only the adoption of peace journalism through regimented training can help transform conflicts and promote peace and development in Nigeria.